User Rating: 0 / 5

Star InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar Inactive
 
Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you might have sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep. sometimes hundreds of times. This means the brain and the rest of the body may not get enough oxygen.

There are two types of sleep apnea:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): The more common of the two forms of apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep.
  • Central sleep apnea: Unlike OSA, the airway is not blocked, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, due to instability in the respiratory control center.
  • Mixed sleep apnea: occurs when there is both central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea facts

  • Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep,
  • The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea, and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea.
  • Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep.
  • The complications of obstructive sleep apnea include high blood pressure, strokes, heart disease, automobile accidents, and daytime sleepiness as well as difficulty concentrating, thinking and remembering.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is diagnosed and evaluated by history, physical examination and polysomnography (sleep study).
  • The nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea include behavior therapy, including weight loss, medications, dental appliances, continuous positive airway pressure, bi-level positive airway pressure, and auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure.
  • The surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea include nasal surgery, palate surgery (including uvulopalatopharyngoplasty [UPPP]), upper airway stimulation therapy, tongue reduction surgery, genioglossus advancement, maxillo-mandibular advancement, tracheostomy, and bariatric surgery.

Symptoms

Common sleep apnea symptoms include:

  • Waking up with a very sore or dry throat
  • Loud snoring
  • Forgetfulness, mood changes, and a decreased interest in sex
  • Sleepiness or lack of energy during the day
  • Occasionally waking up with a choking or gasping sensation
  • Sleepiness while driving
  • Recurrent awakenings or insomnia
  • Morning headaches
  • Restless sleep

Children’s Sleep Apnea
Does your child snore? Does your child show other signs of disturbed sleep: long pauses in breathing, much tossing and turning in the bed, chronic mouth breathing during sleep, night sweats (owing to increased effort to breathe)? All these, and especially the snoring, are possible signs of sleep apnea, which is commoner among children than is generally recognized. It’s estimated than 1 to 4 percent of children suffer from sleep apnea, many of them being between 2 and 8 years old.

Furthermore, while there is a possibility that affected children will “grow out of” their sleep disorders, the evidence is steadily growing that untreated pediatric sleep disorders including sleep apnea can wreak a heavy toll while they persist. Studies have suggested that as many as 25 percent of children diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder may actually have symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea and that much of their learning difficulty and behavior problems can be the consequence of chronic fragmented sleep. Bed-wetting, sleep-walking, retarded growth, other hormonal and metabolic problems, even failure to thrive can be related to sleep apnea. Some researchers have charted a specific impact of sleep disordered breathing on “executive functions” of the brain: cognitive flexibility, self-monitoring, planning, organization, and self-regulation of affect and arousal.

Several recent studies show a strong association between pediatric sleep disorders and childhood obesity. Judith Owens, M.D., director of sleep medicine at the National Children&’s Medical Center in Washington, DC, who is a member of the ASAA board of directors, believes that adequate healthy sleep is as important as proper diet and sufficient exercise in preventing childhood obesity.

Causes

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
    This occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax. These muscles support the soft palate, the triangular piece of tissue hanging from the soft palate (uvula), the tonsils, the side walls of the throat and the tongue.

    When the muscles relax, your airway narrows or closes as you breathe in. You can't get enough air, which can lower the oxygen level in your blood. Your brain senses your inability to breathe and briefly rouses you from sleep so that you can reopen your airway. This awakening is usually so brief that you don't remember it

    You might snort, choke or gasp. This pattern can repeat itself five to 30 times or more each hour, all night, impairing your ability to reach the deep, restful phases of sleep.

  • Central sleep apnea
    This less common form of sleep apnea occurs when your brain fails to transmit signals to your breathing muscles. This means that you make no effort to breathe for a short period. You might awaken with shortness of breath or have a difficult time getting to sleep or staying asleep.

Complications

  • High blood pressure or heart problems
    Sudden drops in blood oxygen levels that occur during sleep apnea increase blood pressure and strain the cardiovascular system. Having obstructive sleep apnea increases your risk of high blood pressure (hypertension).

    Obstructive sleep apnea might also increase your risk of recurrent heart attack, stroke and abnormal heartbeats, such as atrial fibrillation. If you have heart disease, multiple episodes of low blood oxygen (hypoxia or hypoxemia) can lead to sudden death from an irregular heartbeat.

  • Type 2 diabetes
    Having sleep apnea increases your risk of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

  • Metabolic syndrome
    This disorder, which includes high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, high blood sugar and an increased waist circumference, is linked to a higher risk of heart disease.

  • Liver problems
    People with sleep apnea are more likely to have abnormal results on liver function tests, and their livers are more likely to show signs of scarring (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)

  • Sleep-deprived partners
    Loud snoring can keep anyone who sleeps near you from getting good rest. It's not uncommon for a partner to have to go to another room, or even to another floor of the house, to be able to sleep.

Risk Factors

Adult obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common condition. One frequently cited study suggests that 4% of middle-aged men and 2% of middle-aged women in the United States have OSA.1 However, this is a conservative estimate, and the number is likely much higher.

Several factors can increase the risk of developing OSA. Some are hereditary; others are the result of age and/or lifestyle. Do any of these risk factors apply to you?

  • Obesity: approximately two-thirds of people with OSA are overweight or obese
  • Family history of OSA or snoring
  • Small lower jaw and certain other facial configurations
  • Male gender
  • Large neck circumference
  • Large tonsils
  • Alcohol consumption at bedtime
  • Post-menopausal (for women)
  • Hypothyroidism (low levels of thyroid hormone)
  • Acromegaly (high levels of growth hormone)

We have 65 guests and no members online

  • Health and Wellness - Health benefits & side effects of Green tea

    Health and Wellness - MMUTA Jul 30, 2018 | 17:39 pm

    Health and Wellness - Health benefits & side effects of Green tea Health and Wellness - Health benefits & side effects of Green tea This Article What Is Green Tea?Fast facts on green teaGreen tea health benefitsTypes of Green TeaPrecautionsGreen tea side effectsGreen Tea vs. Black TeaGreen Tea Nutrition - IngredientsNutrition table Green tea, native to China and India, has been fed on and hailed for its fitness benefits for centuries globally, however, has best lately gained recognition inside the united states of America. You’ve probably heard loads about the health benefits of ingesting tea, especially the benefits of green tea, considered with the aid of many to be the ultimate “anti-aging.” In Okinawa, Japan — one of the world’s “Blue Zones” that’s related to longevity —consuming Green tea daily is taken[…]

    Read more...
  • Oregano Oil - For Cold And Flu Oregano Oil Benefits

    Health and Wellness - MMUTA Jul 29, 2018 | 07:54 am

    Oregano Oil - For Cold And Flu Oregano Oil Benefits Oregano Oil Benefits For Cold And Flu  In This Article What is Oil of Oregano?Benefits of Oregano Oil for Cold & FluHow to Feel Better When You Have a ColdWhat does the research say?Simple Way to Use to Decrease Cold SymptomsWarnings When Using Oregano OilOther Uses for Oil of Oregano Most adults get two or three colds a year, and youngsters even greater.  A bad cold can destroy your week, costing you money, making you leave out on amusing occasions, and typically making you feel terrible. Oregano oil is one of the first-class herbal treatments in case your immune system is beneath attack via a cold virus, the flu, breathing infections, or some other illnesses. What’s even worse than a horrific[…]

    Read more...
  • Strawberries -The Best Skin Hair and health benefits of strawberries

    Health and Wellness - MMUTA Jul 29, 2018 | 06:51 am

    Strawberries -The Best Skin Hair and health benefits of strawberries The Best Skin, Hair and health benefits of strawberries In This Article What is Strawberry?What Is The History Of Strawberry?Types Of StrawberriesNutritional Profile Of StrawberriesHealth Benefits of StrawberryHow to select and store?Fun Facts About Strawberries?The Side Effects Of Strawberries The strawberry is one of the most popular berry fruits in the world. Scientifically called Fragaria x ananassa, There are more than 10 species of Fragaria that differ in flavour, size and texture yet they all have the same characteristic heart-shaped, red flesh and seeded coat together with small, regal, leafy green caps and stems that adorn their crowns. The amazing health benefits of strawberry include improved eye care, proper brain function, relief from high blood pressure, arthritis, gout, and various cardiovascular[…]

    Read more...
  • Best foods that can Burn your Fat - Fat Burning Foods

    Health and Wellness - MMUTA Jul 29, 2018 | 05:31 am

    Best foods that can Burn your Fat - Fat Burning Foods Best foods that can Burn your Fat - Fat Burning Foods Losing weight with fat-burning foods seems to be global obsessions with thousands of different strategies that help burn calories more effectively. Losing weight by altering your diet to include key fat-burning foods is easier than you might think, as many of these will not only speed up the metabolism but also prevent overeating, reduce fat deposition, and improve your cholesterol profile. A proper fitness regimen, what fat burning foods you eat will help you torch body fat. Whether it’s turning off fat genes, helping to build muscle that robs energy from adipose cells, revving your metabolism and ability to burn fat, or helping you feel fuller longer so you consume fewer[…]

    Read more...
  • snoring - Why do people snore? and How to stop snoring

    Health and Wellness - MMUTA Jul 27, 2018 | 06:10 am

    snoring - Why do people snore? and How to stop snoring Snoring - Why do people snore? and How to stop  In This Article Why do people snore?Common causes of snoringSelf-help strategies for snoringAnti-snoring throat exercises You may be among the 45% of normal adults who snore at least occasionally or you likely know someone who does. He (or she) may be the brunt of jokes at family gatherings ("Uncle Joe snores so loudly he rattles the windows!"), but snoring is serious business. ust about everyone snores occasionally, and it’s usually not something to worry about. But if you regularly snore at night, it can disrupt the quality of your sleep—leading to daytime fatigue, irritability, and increased health problems. And if your snoring keeps your partner awake, it can create major[…]

    Read more...
  • SEO Techniques for Mobile Websites

    SEO - MMUTA Jul 4, 2018 | 11:10 am

    SEO Techniques for Mobile Websites SEO Techniques for Mobile Websites hundreds of thousands of customers nowadays access the internet using smartphones strolling on Android, iOS, or windows. as a result, it has come to be imperative that websites adapt themselves to this changing environment and make appropriate changes in their website design to attract extra viewership. The desktop version of a website might be hard to view and use on a cellular device. The version that isn't always mobile-pleasant requires the user to pinch or zoom if you want to examine the content. users find this a frustrating enjoy and are likely to abandon the website. In comparison, a mobile-friendly version is readable and at once usable. A current Google update makes it obligatory that[…]

    Read more...
  • SEO - Link Building for SEO and Page Ranking

    SEO - MMUTA Jul 4, 2018 | 10:35 am

    SEO - Link Building for SEO and Page Ranking Link building is the SEO exercise of acquiring hyperlinks from external websites to your very own to enhance each direct referrals (i.e., humans clicking at the hyperlinks), and search engine rating. link building is all about growing your website hyperlink popularity. internet site Crawler is going to a site time and again whose ranking in a search engine is high. you could verify this reality by placing your web page on an excessive-rank web site. in case your web page link is available on a high-rank website, then you have 99.99% probabilities that your website is indexed within 24Hrs.   How to Increase hyperlink reputation? there are numerous ways of growing[…]

    Read more...
  • SEO - Hiring an SEO Expert for your website

    SEO - MMUTA Jul 4, 2018 | 10:07 am

    SEO - Hiring an SEO Expert for your website Developing, modifying, and selling precise wonderful content material is difficult and time-consuming. if you are certainly serious about search engine optimization and also you are not getting the anticipated result, then it might be better to hire a search engine optimization expert. SEO experts perform the are following tasks: Code validation and clean up - ensure that the code is search engine friendly and standards compliant. site Structure - building a semantic structure/subject matter and make sure URLs are spider friendly. On-web page optimization - page identifies, copywriting, call-to-action, and many others. the first-class link constructing - Securing one-way links from applicable sites. key-word research - building a list of key[…]

    Read more...
  • SEO - Verifying Web Site

    SEO - MMUTA Jul 4, 2018 | 10:00 am

    SEO - Verifying Web Site You Designed and expand a website, however, how might you know when you have positioned all the HTML syntax in a correct manner. maximum browsers do now not complain in opposition to your wrong syntax, however wrong is wrong. there are many search engine optimization specialists who declare that SEO isn't depending on website HTML/XHTML verification. but we will speak diverse reasons why your site has to be W3C Compliance. Why HTML/XHTML Verification is needed? There are various reasons to affirm your website before hosting it on the internet. Any webpage first-rate relies upon on how well you've got written your website. It needs to be syntactically correct and have to pass all the first-rate Gates.[…]

    Read more...
  • SEO - Content is the King of a website

    SEO - MMUTA Jul 4, 2018 | 09:45 am

    SEO - Content is the King of a website content material basically consists of what you spot on the web page: the textual content, pictures, and even links to other websites. You ought to not use immoderate photos because they're not searching Engine pleasant plus heavy snap shots normally placed the customers out when they get downloaded, mainly over a slow network. heaps of articles, books, and discussion board entries are available on the way to make your internet site search engine friendly, however, ultimately, one rule stands above the rest: specific, super, unduplicated content is the king. advanced the exceptional of your content, the higher the rating you obtain, large the traffic you benefit and greater the popularity of[…]

    Read more...